China Democratic Party
The China Democracy Party (CDP) believes in and champions a multi-party constitutional democracy, as well as a fair and democratic election process.
In June 1998, when then-US President Bill Clinton made a visit to China, a group of democracy activists began their work to establish the China Democracy Party. The first planning committee was based in the province of Zhejiang, and was registered with the local Department of Civil Affairs on June 25th, by Wang Youcai, Wang Donghai and Lin Hui. Other members of the planning party included, Zhu Zhengming, Zhu Yufu and Mao Qingxiang. Subsequently, local chapters of the party and/or similar planning committees were established in Beijing, Shanghai, Shandong, Hubei, Sichuan and Liaoning. Because much of this process coincided with President Clinton's visit, it was an inopportune time for the Chinese government to clamp down on the members of the CDP. The local authorities even asked for detailed information on the group, as opposed to issuing a typically expected outright rejection. However, when President Clinton concluded his visit and left China, the government drastically changed its tune and began taking up harsh measures against the CDP, such as arresting several leaders of the group.
At that time, then-leader of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) Jiang Zemin pointed out: "Recently there has been a trend of collaboration of opposition forces within and outside of China. They don the pretext of forming an alternative 'legal party', or borrow the guise of some other political agenda; but their real goal is to create an opposition party in China to destabilize, and eventually overthrow, the CCP and all that it stands for. With regards to the political ambitions of these individuals, we must maintain the highest degree of caution - the moment we witness the slightest movement or threat, it is imperative that we take immediate action to curb this menace, and resolutely attack the very roots that give birth to these threatening ambitions . We must in no way be soft-handed in our approach. If these individuals succeed, the peace and stability of the Party will be no more; indeed, the peace and stability of China will be no more."
During the period of 21-22 December 1998, key members of the CDP, Xu Wenli, Qin Yongmin, and Wang Youcai were sentenced in Beijing, Hangzhou, and Wuhan to 13, 12, and 11 years of prison respectively. Xu Wenli and Wang Youcai subsequently managed to seek political asylum in the United States; Xu was granted asylum on 24 December 2002, and Wang later on 4 March 2004. Since then, a significant and alarming number of CDP members have been detained, arrested, and sentenced similarly.
Other key members of the CDP include: Cha Jianguo, Zhu Zhengming, Zhu Yufu, Mao Qingxiang, Liu Xianfu, Gao Hongming, He Depu, Liu Shizun, Wu Yilong, Xu Guang, Yu Wanbao, Chen Shuqing, Wang Peijian, Cheng Fan, Sun Youping, Hu Mingjun, Wang Sen, Li Dawei, Xu Wanping.
At present, the CDP still remains active through semi-open activities of various local party chapters or committees in mainland China.
On 3 November 2004, the CDP established the headquarters of the party's Overseas Division in Rhode Island, USA, and elected Xu Wenli as the convener. On June 4th 2007, the CDP held "The First Party Congress of the CDP (Overseas Division)" in Providence's Hope Club. On June 5th 2007, as part of the Party Congress, Xu Wenli was elected as the Chairman of the Overseas Division of the Chinese Democracy Party.
The CDP (Overseas Division) can be accessed on the web via:http://www.cdp1998.org and this
Currently, the CDP (Overseas Division) headed by Xu Wenli has representatives from England(http://www.ukcdp.co.uk), France, Germany, Holland, Northern Europe, Australia, New Zealand, Korea, both East and West coasts of the US, Thailand and other regions, including a special China-Hong Kong branch, totaling 12 groups.
Wang Youcai and others have established the "Chinese Democracy Party's Service Platform" in the US, and it is accessible at http://www.ccdtr.org.
On June 25th 1998, the preparations for the establishment of CDP were made in Zhejiang province; and on November 9th 1998, the Beijing and Tianjin branches of the CDP listed down the following five characteristics of the founding of the party:
1. The CDP was founded in 1998 within mainland China, and not overseas.
2. The CDP Zhejiang founding committee and the Beijing and Tianjin collaborative manifesto illustrate that the CDP is founded upon the firm basis of democracy, and if given the opportunity, can and will become a mature, responsible, and highly relevant political body.
3. The establishment of the CDP in 1998 was the collective work of a unified body, and its members mainly find their roots in the 1978 China Democracy Wall Movement and the 1989 Democracy Movement. Its leaders and heads are elected to office, and its 40 or so leaders have all undergone the painful process of torture and imprisonment. Till today, about 20 of these leaders are still serving their sentence in prison.
4. The process of establishment of the CDP in 1998 took place in 28 provinces and districts throughout mainland China, and thus can be justifiably deemed a movement on a national scale.
5. From the first day of its official establishment in 1998, the CDP received support from the US and governments of other states, including the UN. In 1999 under the leadership of Wang Xizhe and Wang Bingzhang and with the help of Liao Ran, CDP members Xu Wenli, Qin Yongmin, and Wang Youcai were successfully nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize. This is a testimony to the Democracy Movement's contribution and influence in the international sphere.
There are many CDP headquarters in USA and some of them have their own Party Flags, Chairman even Party Constitutions that have never been recognised by all Party as the Party has never hold National Congress in China which is impossible at the moment.