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译者说明:本文是王有才先生用英文写成,译者在翻译过程中不免存在错误,请以英文件为准。2004717

中国从一党专制到宪政民主的成功转型
王有才

主席先生,委员会的各位先生

首先,我想对委员会在帮助我出狱方面所做的所有工作表示我的感激。我非常高兴能在这里就中国民主的未来问题和大家一同分享我的经历和看法。为了不浪费你们的时间,我摘要出以下观点:

1
,民主国家政府和人民帮助在促进中国成功的从一党专制转向到宪政民主是非常重要的。在促进中国民主方面,美国政府和人民可以扮演一个重要的角色。这可以从两个方面来做。一方面,美国政府可以在人权问题上向中国政府施加压力。另一方面,美国政府行政部门和美国国会议员们与中国政府官员、人大和中国共产党应该增加联系。美国人民可以帮助中国建立一个公民社会,特别是支持中国的反对运动和中国民主党。和美国政府与人民保持联系,还有和欧盟成员国保持联系,这样就可以使中国政府在中国镇压建立反对党的努力感到困难,也就可以帮助中国建立一个宪政民主。

2,努力促进民主产生于中国的内部,这也是非常重要的。这可以从许多方面来做,例如在中国,在民社会发展和多党制方面促进调查研究,设立信息中心。海外基金会和学术协会可以帮助支持那些在中国从事这些活动的同事。 

3,,对那些从事促进中国民主制度工作的人要加以支持,重要的是谴责那些反对在中国实行宪政民主的人和承认那些支持和为民主而工作的人。同样,帮助那些尝试在中国建立公民社会和巩固民主力量的人也是很重要的。当然,最重要的是,在同时要孤立和谴责中共那些坚持专制的人,以避免在将来的民主进程中发生尖锐的冲突。 

4,作为努力争取公民和政治权力而不懈奋斗的中国公民,他们应该学习怎样在非政府组织里组织自己,这样可以带来多元社会、建立民主程序和法治(the rule of law),以便中国社会在将来和民主变化一致起来。 

5,作为一个反对党,中国民主党注重“草根”选举实践,鼓励农民、工人、知识分子和私有企业主和中国民主党候选人联合起来参加竞选;致力于从“草根”到较高的政治层面实施公平选举。在这方面,国际社会的压力和帮助是特别需要的。在选举程序的改进的同时,对中国来说,朝宪政民主的方向迈步是肯定的正确的方向。虽然这样的转型是会缓慢的,但是作为经验的积累,它将会加快。如果中国不进行从专制到自由民主选举程序,非政府组织,有一个将真正地保护人权的新宪法、通过制约和平衡限制政府权力,和不久将来的 某种程度的联邦主义,中国公民可能要对试图推翻中共政权付出无法忍受的代价。这种无法忍受的代价的事情发生对全世界人民和中国人民都是十分危险的。因此,我希望美国政府能帮助和支持一个理性的反对党的成长,以至中国能够沿着走类似南朝鲜和台湾的路。当中国民主党逐渐强大之时,她能够帮助在中国推进现代自由民主。

6,因为中国是这样一个巨大的和人口众多的国家,政治专制的继续不仅对中国人民,而且对全世界人民都是危险的。如果中国变成一个自由民主国家,那么现在的世界政治版图将会巨变。美国也将会受益。此外,如果政治转型是渐进和受到控制的,它的破坏也可能是低的。这样的转型是可能的,因为许多中国人赞成促进在中国进行一个和平的转型。

 7,我希望美国人民和美国政府将提供更多帮助使中国民主成为现实。美国国会行政中国事务委员会在中国的从一党专制到宪政民主转型中可以扮演一个重要的角色。

谢谢大家

SUCCESSFUL TRANSITION FROM DICTATORSHIP TO CONSTITUTIONAL DEMOCRACY IN CHINA 

WANG YOUCAI

Mr. Chairman, members of the Commission,  

First, I want to express my appreciation to the Commission for all your help in getting me released from prison.  I am very glad to be here today to share my experiences and express my opinions about China’s future democracy.  In order not to waste your time, I will summarize the following points.

1. It is very important that democratic people and democratic governments help promote a successful transition from dictatorship to constitutional democracy in China.  The American people and American government can play a great role in promoting China’s democracy. It can be done in two ways. On the one hand, the American government can exert pressure on the Chinese authorities on the issue of human rights; on the other hand, the executive branch of the U.S. government and members of the U.S. Congress should increase contacts with members of the Chinese government, the National People’s Congress and the Chinese Communist Party. The American people can assist in building a civil society in China, particularly in supporting the Chinese opposition movement and the China Democracy Party.  Contacts with the American government and people as well as with members of the European Union will make it more difficult for the Chinese government to crack down on efforts to build an opposition party in China and will help China build a constitutional democracy.  

2. It is also very important that the efforts to promote democracy come from within China. This can be done in a number of ways, such as promoting research and setting up information centers in China on the development of democratic societies and multiparty political systems. Overseas foundations and academic institutions can help to support colleagues in China in these activities. 

3. For those working to develop democratic institutions to China, it is important that the people who oppose constitutional democracy in China be condemned, and that the people, who support and work for democracy, in China be recognized. It is also important to help those trying to institutionalize civil society and strengthen the democratic forces in China. Of course, it is most important to isolate and condemn the people who promote   dictatorship in the CCP while at the same time, avoiding sharp conflicts in the furthering of democracy.

4. As Chinese citizens fight for their civil and political rights, they should learn how to organize themselves in non-governmental organizations, which bring about the pluralization of society, and institutionalize democratic procedures and the rule of law so that Chinese society will be compatible with democratic changes. 

5. As an opposition party, the China Democracy Party (CDP) focuses on grassroots election practices, encourages associations for peasants, workers, intellectuals, and private entrepreneurs and CDP candidates to participate in elections, and work to carry out fair elections from the grass-roots to higher political levels. In this respect, international help and pressure is especially needed. With the improvement in election procedures, China is definitely taking a step in the right direction toward a constitutional democracy.  While this kind of transition will proceed slowly, as experience accumulates, it will proceed more quickly. Unless  China makes the transition from dictatorship to liberal democracy with institutionalized electoral procedures, non-governmental organizations, a new constitution that will truly protect human rights, limitations on government power with checks and balances, and a federal system in the near future, the Chinese people may pay an intolerable price in attempts to overthrow the CCP regime. Such a happening will be very dangerous to the people of the entire world as well as to China. Therefore, I hope the American government will help and support the growth of a reasonable opposition party so that China can follow a path similar to that of South Korea or Taiwan. As the China Democracy Party is strengthened, it can help to introduce modern liberal democracy in China. 

6. Because China is such a big country with a huge population, the continuation of the political dictatorship will be dangerous not only for the Chinese people, but for the entire world.  If China can become a liberal democracy, the present political map of the world will be greatly changed. This will also be beneficial to the United States.  Furthermore, the disruption of a political transition can be relatively low if the transition is gradual and is kept under control.  Such a transition is possible because many Chinese people are sympathetic to the promotion of a peaceful transition in China. 

7. I hope that the American people and the American government will provide more help to make Chinese democracy a reality.  The Commission can play an important role in China’s transition from a dictatorship to a constitutional democracy.

Thank you very much.